Varied poly(A) site efficiency in the adenovirus major late transcription unit.

TitleVaried poly(A) site efficiency in the adenovirus major late transcription unit.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1992
AuthorsPrescott JC, Falck-Pedersen E
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published1992 Apr 25
KeywordsDNA-Binding Proteins, HeLa Cells, Humans, Kinetics, Plasmids, Poly A, RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional, RNA, Messenger, Substrate Specificity, Transcription Factors, Viral Proteins

Regulation of adenovirus major late transcription unit (MLTU) mRNA biosynthesis involves poly(A) site selection between five available sites, L1 through L5. The 5' proximal site completely dominates during early infection, whereas all five sites are used during late infection with L3 being favored slightly over the others. Previous studies have shown this early to late poly(A) switch will occur in the absence of MLTU-specific splicing patterns and hinges in large part on the character of the first poly(A) site. We have used in vitro assays to characterize basic features of the L1 and L3 pre-mRNAs which may help define how processing at poly(A) sites is controlled. We have found that L1 is 5-10-fold less efficient than L3 as a substrate for RNA cleavage. A primary difference between the L1 and L3 sites lies in the kinetics of their use, with cleavage at L3 occurring at twice the rate of cleavage at L1. In addition, L1 is 20-fold less effective than L3 in competing for processing factors. To investigate the sequence elements that contribute to poly(A) site efficiency, we have used competition assays in which the competitor RNAs lack upstream or downstream elements.

Alternate JournalJ Biol Chem
PubMed ID1575826
Grant ListGM41967 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States

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