|Strong immunostimulatory activity of AT-oligodeoxynucleotide requires a six-base loop with a self-stabilized 5'-C...G-3' stem structure.
|Year of Publication
|Shimosato T, Kimura T, Tohno M, Iliev ID, Katoh S, Ito Y, Kawai Y, Sasaki T, Saito T, Kitazawa H
|Animals, AT Rich Sequence, Base Sequence, CHO Cells, Cricetinae, Humans, Intestines, Lactobacillus, Leukocytes, Mononuclear, Molecular Sequence Data, Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Peyer's Patches, Probiotics, Swine, Toll-Like Receptor 9, Transfection
Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2716 has recently been discovered as a probiotic that suppresses the growth of Helicobacter pylori and reduces gastric mucosal inflammation in humans. This has resulted in the development of a new type of probiotic yoghurt 'LG21' in Japan. In our previous study, we found an immunostimulatory AT5ACL oligodeoxynucleotide (AT-ODN) containing a unique core sequence (5'-ATTTTTAC-3') in L. gasseri JCM1131(T). Interestingly, although the AT-ODN does not contain any CpG sequences, it exerts mitogenic activity in B cells and augments Th-1-type immune responses via Toll-like receptor 9. These findings prompted us to identify strong immunostimulatory non-CpG AT-ODNs that contain the 5'-ATTTTTAC-3' motif in the genomic sequence of L. gasseri OLL2716. We identified 280 kinds of AT-ODNs in the L. gasseri OLL2716 genome. Mitogenicity and NF-kappaB gene reporting assays showed that 13 of the 280 AT-ODNs were strongly immunostimulatory when in the TLR9 transfectant. Of these, AT-ODNs LGAT-145 and LGAT-243 were the most potent. With respect to the induction of Th-1-type cytokines, LGAT-243 had the greatest activity and was more potent than the swine prototype, ODN D25. We further found that a six-base secondary loop structure containing a self-stabilized 5'-C...G-3' stem sequence is important for potent immunostimulatory activity. These results show for the first time that AT-ODNs with a specific loop and stem structure are important factors for immunostimulatory activity. Finally, we found that novel strong immunostimulatory non-CpG AT-ODNs exist in the genome of probiotic lactic acid bacteria.
Submitted by alp2017 on April 1, 2016 - 3:55pm