|Title||Recent advances in understanding dendritic cell development, classification, and phenotype.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Schlitzer A, Zhang W, Song M, Ma X|
|Keywords||Adaptive Immunity, Animals, Dendritic Cells, Humans, Phenotype, Self Tolerance, Tumor Microenvironment|
Dendritic cells (DCs) play an essential role in the induction of adaptive immune responses against infectious agents and in the generation of tolerance to self-antigens. In this mini-review, we summarize new evidence suggesting that the tissue of residence significantly shapes the last developmental steps of DCs into locally adapted cellular entities, enabling them to perform tissue-specific tasks while maintaining the core DC properties. We also discuss recent advances that have highlighted DCs' rather complex phenotypic and functional heterogeneity in the tumor microenvironment, based on their physical characteristics, such as activation status, maturity, and polarization, illustrating a key role for DCs in the induction of anti-tumor immunity.
|PubMed Central ID||PMC6173131|