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Nitrate respiration protects hypoxic Mycobacterium tuberculosis against acid- and reactive nitrogen species stresses.

TitleNitrate respiration protects hypoxic Mycobacterium tuberculosis against acid- and reactive nitrogen species stresses.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsTan MPing, Sequeira P, Lin WWei, Phong WYee, Cliff P, Ng SHwee, Lee BHeng, Camacho L, Schnappinger D, Ehrt S, Dick T, Pethe K, Alonso S
JournalPLoS One
Volume5
Issue10
Paginatione13356
Date Published2010 Oct 26
ISSN1932-6203
KeywordsAcids, Adenosine Triphosphate, Anaerobiosis, Biological Transport, Membrane Potentials, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Nitrates, Oxygen, Reactive Nitrogen Species
Abstract

There are strong evidences that Mycobacterium tuberculosis survives in a non-replicating state in the absence of oxygen in closed lesions and granuloma in vivo. In addition, M. tuberculosis is acid-resistant, allowing mycobacteria to survive in acidic, inflamed lesions. The ability of M. tuberculosis to resist to acid was recently shown to contribute to the bacillus virulence although the mechanisms involved have yet to be deciphered. In this study, we report that M. tuberculosis resistance to acid is oxygen-dependent; whereas aerobic mycobacteria were resistant to a mild acid challenge (pH 5.5) as previously reported, we found microaerophilic and hypoxic mycobacteria to be more sensitive to acid. In hypoxic conditions, mild-acidity promoted the dissipation of the protonmotive force, rapid ATP depletion and cell death. Exogenous nitrate, the most effective alternate terminal electron acceptor after molecular oxygen, protected hypoxic mycobacteria from acid stress. Nitrate-mediated resistance to acidity was not observed for a respiratory nitrate reductase NarGH knock-out mutant strain. Furthermore, we found that nitrate respiration was equally important in protecting hypoxic non-replicating mycobacteria from radical nitrogen species toxicity. Overall, these data shed light on a new role for nitrate respiration in protecting M. tuberculosis from acidity and reactive nitrogen species, two environmental stresses likely encountered by the pathogen during the course of infection.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0013356
Alternate JournalPLoS One
PubMed ID21048946
PubMed Central IDPMC2965054

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