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Functional analysis of the C-terminal extension of telomerase reverse transcriptase. A putative "thumb" domain.

TitleFunctional analysis of the C-terminal extension of telomerase reverse transcriptase. A putative "thumb" domain.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsHossain S, Singh S, Lue NF
JournalJ Biol Chem
Volume277
Issue39
Pagination36174-80
Date Published2002 Sep 27
ISSN0021-9258
KeywordsAnimals, Catalytic Domain, Circular Dichroism, Conserved Sequence, DNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Kinetics, Plasmids, Point Mutation, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Recombinant Proteins, Retroviridae, RNA, Telomerase, Time Factors
Abstract

Telomerase is an RNA-protein complex responsible for the extension of one strand of telomere terminal repeats. The catalytic protein subunit of telomerase, known generically as telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), exhibits significant homology to reverse transcriptases (RTs) encoded by retroviruses and retroelements. The mechanisms of telomerase may therefore be similar to those of the conventional reverse transcriptases. In this report, we explore potential similarity between these two classes of proteins in a region with no evident sequence similarity. Previous analysis has implicated a C-terminal domain of retroviral RTs (known as the "thumb" domain) in template-primer binding and in processivity control. The equivalent region of TERTs, although similar to one another, does not exhibit significant sequence homology to retroviral RTs. However, we found that removal of this region of yeast TERT similarly resulted in a decrease in the stability of telomerase-DNA complex and in the processivity of telomerase-mediated nucleotide addition. Moreover, the C-terminal domain of TERT exhibits a nucleic acid binding activity when recombinantly expressed and purified. Finally, amino acid substitutions of conserved residues in this region of TERT were found to impair telomerase activity and processivity. We suggest that mechanistic similarity between telomerase and retroviral RTs may extend beyond the regions with apparent sequence similarity.

DOI10.1074/jbc.M201976200
Alternate JournalJ Biol Chem
PubMed ID12151386

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