For COVID-19 vaccine updates, please review our information guide. For patient eligibility and scheduling availability, please visit VaccineTogetherNY.org.

E3 Ubiquitin Ligase UBR5 Drives the Growth and Metastasis of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

TitleE3 Ubiquitin Ligase UBR5 Drives the Growth and Metastasis of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLiao L, Song M, Li X, Tang L, Zhang T, Zhang L, Pan Y, Chouchane L, Ma X
JournalCancer Res
Volume77
Issue8
Pagination2090-2101
Date Published2017 04 15
ISSN1538-7445
KeywordsAnimals, Cell Line, Tumor, Female, Gene Amplification, Gene Deletion, Humans, Lung Neoplasms, Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental, MCF-7 Cells, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred NOD, Mice, Knockout, Neovascularization, Pathologic, RNA, Small Interfering, Transfection, Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms, Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
Abstract

Patients with triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are at high risk for recurrence and metastasis at an early time despite standard treatment, underscoring the need for novel therapeutic modalities. Here, we report for the first time a distinctive and profound role of the E3 ubiquitin ligase UBR5 in the growth and metastasis of TNBC. An analysis of primary TNBC specimen by whole-exon sequencing revealed strong gene amplifications of UBR5 associated with the disease. UBR5 overexpression in TNBC tissues was confirmed at mRNA and protein levels. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated deletion of ubr5 in an experimental murine mammary carcinoma model of TNBC dramatically abrogated tumor growth and metastasis , which could be reversed completely via reconstitution with wild-type UBR5 but not a catalytically inactive mutant. Loss of UBR5 caused an impairment in angiogenesis within the tumor, associated with increased apoptosis, necrosis, and growth arrest. Absence of UBR5 in the tumor triggered aberrant epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, principally via abrogated expression of E-cadherin, which resulted in severely reduced tumor metastasis to secondary organs. Use of NOD/SCID mice revealed that tumor-derived UBR5 facilitated tumor growth in a manner completely dependent upon immune cells in the microenvironment, whereas it promoted metastasis in a tumor cell-autonomous fashion. Our findings unveil UBR5 as a novel and critical regulator of tumor growth, metastasis, and immune response and highlight the potential for UBR5 as an effective therapeutic target for the treatment of highly aggressive breast and ovarian cancers that fail conventional therapy. .

DOI10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-2409
Alternate JournalCancer Res
PubMed ID28330927

Weill Cornell Medicine Microbiology and Immunology 1300 York Avenue, Box 62 New York, NY 10065 Phone: (212) 746-6505 Fax: (212) 746-8587