Adenovirus detection by the cGAS/STING/TBK1 DNA sensing cascade.

TitleAdenovirus detection by the cGAS/STING/TBK1 DNA sensing cascade.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLam E, Stein S, Falck-Pedersen E
JournalJ Virol
Date Published2014 Jan
KeywordsAdenoviridae Infections, Adenoviruses, Human, Animals, Cell Line, DNA, Viral, Humans, Interferon Regulatory Factor-3, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Nucleotidyltransferases, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases

Adenovirus (Ad) infection triggers a cell-specific antiviral response following exposure of viral DNA to the intracellular compartment. A variety of DNA sensors (DAI, AIM2, DDx41, RNA polymerase [Pol] III, and IFI16 [p204]) have been identified in recent years; however, the DNA sensor involved in detection of adenovirus has not been established. Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS), a DNA sensor that produces a cyclic guanine-adenine dinucleotide (cGAMP) inducer of STING, has been examined to determine its role in generating an antiadenoviral response. Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) lentiviral vectors targeting TBK1, STING, and cGAS were established in murine MS1 endothelial and RAW 264.7 macrophage cell lines. Knockdown of TBK1, STING, and cGAS results in a dramatic reduction in the activation of the primary antiviral response marker phosphorylated interferon (IFN) response factor 3 (IRF3) following exposure to adenovirus. Furthermore, activation of secondary type I IFN signaling targets ((ptyr)STAT1 and (ptyr)STAT2 [(ptyr)STAT1/2]) was also compromised. Consistent with compromised activation of primary and secondary response markers, transcriptional activation of IRF3-responsive genes (beta IFN [IFN-β], ISG15, ISG54) and secondary response transcripts were diminished in cells knocked down in cGAS, STING, or TBK1. These data establish cGAS as the dominant cytosolic DNA sensor responsible for detection of internalized adenovirus leading to induction of the type I interferon antiviral cascade.

Alternate JournalJ Virol
PubMed ID24198409
PubMed Central IDPMC3911663
Grant ListR01 AI094050 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States

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