Adeno-associated virus site-specific integration and AAVS1 disruption.

TitleAdeno-associated virus site-specific integration and AAVS1 disruption.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsHamilton H, Gomos J, Berns KI, Falck-Pedersen E
JournalJ Virol
Date Published2004 Aug
KeywordsChromosome Mapping, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19, Dependovirus, Gene Amplification, HeLa Cells, Humans, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Replication Origin, Virus Integration

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) is a single-stranded DNA virus with a unique biphasic lifestyle consisting of both a productive and a latent phase. Typically, the productive phase requires coinfection with a helper virus, for instance adenovirus, while the latent phase dominates in healthy cells. In the latent state, AAV is found integrated site specifically into the host genome at chromosome 19q13.4 qtr (AAVS1), the only animal virus known to integrate in a defined location. In this study we investigated the latent phase of serotype 2 AAV, focusing on three areas: AAV infection, rescue, and integration efficiency as a function of viral multiplicity of infection (MOI); efficiency of site-specific integration; and disruption of the AAVS1 locus. As expected, increasing the AAV MOI resulted in an increase in the percentage of cells infected, with 80% of cells infected at an MOI of 10. Additional MOI only marginally effected a further increase in percentage of infected cells. In contrast to infection, we found very low levels of integration at MOIs of less than 10. At an MOI of 10, at which 80% of cells are infected, less than 5% of clonal cell lines contained integrated AAV DNA. At an MOI of 100 or greater, however, 35 to 40% of clonal cell lines contained integrated AAV DNA. Integration and the ability to rescue viral genomes were highly correlated. Analysis of integrated AAV indicated that essentially all integrants were AAVS1 site specific. Although maximal integration efficiency approached 40% of clonal cell lines (essentially 50% of infected cells), over 80% of cell lines contained a genomic disruption at the AAVS1 integration locus on chromosome 19 ( approximately 100% of infected cells). Rep expression by itself and in the presence of a plasmid integration substrate was able to mediate this disruption of the AAVS1 site. We further characterized the disruption event and demonstrated that it resulted in amplification of the AAVS1 locus. The data are consistent with a revised model of AAV integration that includes preliminary expansion of a defined region in AAVS1.

Alternate JournalJ Virol
PubMed ID15254160
PubMed Central IDPMC446113
Grant ListR01 GM067102 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R01GM067102 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States

Weill Cornell Medicine Microbiology and Immunology 1300 York Avenue, Box 62 New York, NY 10065 Phone: (212) 746-6505 Fax: (212) 746-8587